Anaerobic bacteria

Definition

Anaerobic bacteria are bacteria that do not live or grow when oxygen is present.

In humans, these bacteria are most commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract. They play a role in conditions such as appendicitis, diverticulitis, and perforation of the bowel.

Alternative Names

Anaerobe

Images

Bacteria

References

Brook I. Diseases caused by non-spore-forming anaerobic bacteria. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 297.

Stedman's Online Medical Dictionary.stedmansonline.com/content.aspx?id=mlrA1400000238&termtype=t. Accessed May 13, 2017.

Review Date: 
5/14/2017
Reviewed By: 
Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.