Babies and shots
Immunizations (vaccinations) are important to keep your child healthy. This article discusses how to ease the pain of shots for babies.
Babies and vaccines; Babies and immunizations; Babies and vaccinations; Chickenpox - shots; DTaP - shots; Hepatitis A - shots; Hepatitis B - shots; Hib - shots; Haemophilus influenza - shots; Influenza - shots; Meningococcal - shots; MMR - shots; Pneumococcal - shots; Polio - shots; IPV - shots; Tdap - shots
Parents often wonder how to make shots less painful for their babies. Nearly all immunizations (also called vaccinations) need to be given into the muscle or under the skin using a needle and syringe. Reducing your child's anxiety level may be the best way to help limit the pain.
Here are some tips.
BEFORE THE SHOT
Tell older children that the shot is needed to keep them safe and healthy. Knowing what to expect ahead of time may reassure the child.
Explain to the child that it is okay to cry. But suggest that the child try to be brave. Explain that you do not like shots either, but you try to be brave, too. Praise the child after the shot is over, whether or not they cry.
Plan something fun to do afterward. A trip to the park or other entertainment after the shot can make the next one less scary.
Some doctors use a pain-relieving spray or cream before giving the shot.
WHEN THE SHOT IS BEING GIVEN
Put pressure on the area before the shot is given.
Stay calm and do not let the child see if you are upset or anxious. The child will notice if you cringe before the shot. Talk calmly and use soothing words.
Follow the health care provider's instructions about how to hold your child to steady the leg or arm that will get the shot.
Distract the child by blowing bubbles or playing with a toy. Or point out a picture on the wall, count or say the ABCs, or tell the child something funny.
WHAT TO EXPECT AT HOME
After the shot is given, a cool, damp cloth may be placed on the vaccination site to help reduce soreness.
Frequently moving or using the arm or leg that received the shot may also help reduce the soreness.
Giving your child acetaminophen or ibuprofen may help relieve common, minor symptoms after immunizations. Follow package instructions about how to give your child the medicine. Or call your child's provider for instructions.
Side effects from the shots vary, depending on which type of immunization was given. Most of the time, side effects are mild. Call your child's provider right away if your child:
- Develops a high fever
- Cannot be calmed
- Becomes much less active than normal
COMMON VACCINES FOR CHILDREN
- Chickenpox vaccine
- DTaP immunization (vaccine)
- Hepatitis A vaccine
- Hepatitis B vaccine
- Hib vaccine
- HPV vaccine
- Influenza vaccine
- Meningococcal vaccine
- MMR vaccine
- Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
- Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine
- Polio immunization (vaccine)
- Rotavirus vaccine
- Tdap vaccine
Berstein HH, Killinsky A, Orenstein WA. Immunization practices. In: Kliegman RM, St. Geme JW, Blum NJ, Shah SS, Tasker RC, Wilson KM, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 197.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Parent's guide to childhood immunizations. www.cdc.gov/vaccines/parents/tools/parents-guide/downloads/parents-guide-508.pdf. Updated August 2015. Accessed March 18, 2020.
Robinson CL, Bernstein H, Poehling K, Romero JR, Szilagyi P. Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommended immunization schedule for children and adolescents aged 18 years or younger - United States, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020;69(5):130-132. PMID: 32027628 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32027628/.