A neonate is a baby who is 4 weeks old or younger.
A neonate is also called a newborn. The neonatal period is the first 4 weeks of a child's life. It is a time when changes are very rapid. Many critical events can occur in this period:
- Feeding patterns are established.
- Bonding between parents and infant begin.
- The risk of infections that may become more serious are higher.
- Many birth or congenital defects are first noted.
Carlo WA. The newborn infant. In: Kliegman RM, Stanton BF, St Geme JW, Schor NF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 20th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 94.
Lissauer T. Physical examination of the newborn. In: Gleason CA, Devaskar SU, eds. Avery's Diseases of the Newborn. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2012:chap 29.