A Phase 3 Randomized, Open-Label Study Comparing Pexa-Vec (Vaccinia GM-CSF/Thymidine Kinase-Deactivated Virus) Followed by Sorafenib Versus Sorafenib in Patients with Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) Without Prior Systemic Therapy
The primary objective is to determine and compare the overall survival of patients with advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma or liver cancer, without prior systemic therapy, treated with Pexa-Vec followed by sorafenib (Arm A) versus sorafenib (Arm B).
- Histological/cytological diagnosis of primary HCC
- Advanced stage HCC (Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer [BCLC] Stage C or B per American Association for the Study of Liver Disease [AASLD] guidelines)
- At least one measurable viable tumor in the liver, ≥1 cm longest diameter (LD), using a dynamic imaging technique (arterial phase of triphasic computerized tomography [CT] scan, or dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]), and injectable under imaging-guidance (CT and/or ultrasound)
- Child-Pugh Class A
- Performance status 0 or 1 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scale
- Adequate hematological, hepatic, and renal function:
- Additional inclusion criteria exist
- Histological diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma, hepatocholangiocarcinoma, fibrolamellar carcinoma and hepatoblastoma
- Symptomatic cardiovascular disease, including but not limited to significant coronary artery disease (e.g., requiring angioplasty or stenting) or congestive heart failure within the preceding 12 months
- Current or past history of cardiovascular disease (e.g.. past history of myocardial infarction, ischemic cardiomyopathy) unless cardiology consultation and clearance has been obtained for study participation
- History of moderate or severe ascites, bleeding esophageal varices, hepatic encephalopathy or pleural effusions related to liver insufficiency within 6 months of screening
- Bulky disease patients - tumors encompassing >50% of the liver volume and / or inferior vena cava invasion
- Known significant immunodeficiency due to underlying illness (e.g., HIV/AIDS) and/or immune-suppressive medication including high-dose corticosteroids
- Ongoing severe inflammatory skin condition (as determined by the Investigator) requiring medical treatment
- History of severe eczema (as determined by the Investigator) requiring medical treatment
- Additional exclusion criteria exist
KeywordsAdvanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Systemic Therapy, Liver cancer
Principal InvestigatorRoniel Cabrera, M.D.
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