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Retroperitoneal inflammation


Retroperitoneal inflammation is swelling that occurs in the retroperitoneal space.

The retroperitoneal space is in front of the lower back and behind the abdominal lining (peritoneum). Organs in this space include the:

  • Pancreas
  • Spleen
  • Kidneys

Alternative Names



Digestive system organs


Turnage RH, Badgwell B. Abdominal wall, umbilicus, peritoneum, mesenteries, omentum, and retroperitoneum. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbookof Surgery. 19th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2012:chap 45.

Review Date: 
Reviewed By: 
Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.