Gynecological cancer includes cervical, uterine, vuvlar and ovarian cancers.
Types of cancers
- Cervical carcinoma is one of the most common cancers among women. There are an estimated 16,000 new cases of invasive cancer of the cervix and 5,000 deaths in the United States each year.
- Uterine carcinoma is the most common cancer in the United States among women. Risk factors include obesity and estrogen stimulation.
- Vuvlar carcinoma is relatively rare and highly curable when diagnosed in an early stage. The incidence is two per 100,000 women. Risk factors include chronic vulvar irritation and sexually transmitted diseases.
- Ovarian and fallopian tube carcinoma is a cancer of the ovary and fallopian tube remains difficult to diagnose. Ovarian cancer ranks fifth in cancer deaths among women, totaling more deaths than any other cancer of the female reproductive system.
Gynecological cancer signs and symptoms
- Enlargement of the abdomen
- Persistent digestive disturbances
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Abnormal vaginal discharge
- Pelvic and abdomen pain
Early detection examinations
Since most gynecological cancers do not show symptoms until late in development, it is important for women to have annual examinations for early detection.
Early examination tests include:
- Pelvic exam
- Pap test