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A Trial Comparing Unrelated Donor BMT With IST for Pediatric and Young Adult Patients With Severe Ap

  • Status
    Accepting Candidates
  • Age
    0 Years - 25 Years
  • Sexes
  • Healthy Volunteers


Severe Aplastic Anemia (SAA) is a rare condition in which the body stops producing enough new blood cells. SAA can be cured with immune suppressive therapy or a bone marrow transplant. Regular treatment for patients with aplastic anemia who have a matched sibling (brother or sister), or family donor is a bone marrow transplant. Patients without a matched family donor normally are treated with immune suppressive therapy (IST). Match unrelated donor (URD) bone marrow transplant (BMT) is used as a secondary treatment in patients who did not get better with IST, had their disease come back, or a new worse disease replaced it (like leukemia).

This trial will compare time from randomization to failure of treatment or death from any cause of IST versus URD BMT when used as initial therapy to treat SAA.

The trial will also assess whether health-related quality of life and early markers of fertility differ between those randomized to URD BMT or IST, as well as assess the presence of marrow failure-related genes and presence of gene mutations associated with MDS or leukemia and the change in gene signatures after treatment in both study arms.

This study treatment does not include any investigational drugs. The medicines and procedures in this study are standard for treatment of SAA.


This study is a multi-center randomized phase III trial to compare the failure free survival between those randomized to IST vs 9-10/10 HLA matched URD BMT. The study will also address patient-reported outcomes and gonadal function in each arm and explore critical biological correlates including assessing germline genetic mutations associated with pediatric SAA that may lead to a predisposition to the disease and the risk of development of clonal hematopoiesis following IST vs BMT in pediatric and young adult SAA.

This clinical trial will randomize 234 children/AYA over 3.3-4.7 years at a 1:1 ratio between initial treatment with immune suppression therapy (IST) with horse ATG (hATG)/cyclosporine (CsA) versus well* matched (9-10/10 allele) unrelated donor (URD) bone marrow transplantation (BMT) using a regimen of rabbit ATG (rATG)/fludarabine/cyclophosphamide and 200 cGy TBI. Duration of subject participation for all study procedures in this study will be up to 2 years after treatment; a single later timepoint between 3 and 5 years will be collected to follow patients for specific protocol defined late effects and survival.


Full study title A Phase III Randomized Trial Comparing Unrelated Donor Bone Marrow Transplantation With Immune Suppressive Therapy for Newly Diagnosed Pediatric and Young Adult Patients With Severe Aplastic Anemia (TransIT, BMT CTN 2202)
Protocol number OCR43244 ID NCT05600426
Phase Phase 3


Inclusion Criteria:

To be eligible to participate in the randomized trial, an individual must meet all the

Following criteria:

  1. Provision of signed and dated informed consent form for the randomized trial by patient and/or legal guardian.

  2. Age ≤25 years old at time of randomized trial consent.

  3. Confirmed diagnosis of idiopathic SAA, defined as:

    1. Bone marrow cellularity

Lead researcher

  • Pediatric Hematologist/Oncologist (Child Cancer Specialist)

Participate in a study

Here are some general steps to consider when participating in a research study:

  1. Step

    Contact the research team

    Call or email the research team listed within the specific clinical trial or study to let them know that you're interested. A member of the research team, such as the researcher or study coordinator, will be available to tell you more about the study and to answer any questions or concerns you may have.

    Primary contact

  2. Step

    Get screened to confirm eligibility

    You may be asked to take part in prescreening to make sure you are eligible for a study. The prescreening process ensures it is safe for you to participate. During the prescreening process, you will be asked some questions and you may also be asked to schedule tests or procedures to confirm your eligibility.

  3. Step

    Provide your consent to participate

    If you are eligible and want to join the clinical trial or study, a member of the research team will ask for your consent to participate. To give consent, you will be asked to read and sign a consent form for the study. This consent form explains the study's purpose, procedures, risks, benefits and provides other important information, such as the study team's contact information.

  4. Step


    If you decide to participate in a clinical trial or study, the research team will keep you informed of the study requirements and what you will need to do to throughout the study. For some trials or studies, your health care provider may work with the research team to ensure there are no conflicts with other medications or treatments.