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  • Status
    Accepting Candidates
  • Age
    8 Years - 45 Years
  • Sexes
  • Healthy Volunteers


This is a multicenter, Phase Ib, open-label, siplizumab dose-finding study in individuals aged 8-45 years with a Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) diagnosis. within 18 months of V0. Participants will be randomized 1:1:1:1 to one of four possible siplizumab dosing arms. All dosing arms will receive weekly siplizumab doses for a total of 12 weeks. After the completion of treatment, participants will undergo follow-up visits at weeks 12, 24, 36 and 52 which include longitudinal MMTTs. Blood samples for mechanistic analyses will be obtained during the treatment phase and thereafter. Adults aged 18* 45 will be enrolled initially at the study sites.

The primary objective is to identify a safe, metabolically favorable, dosing regimen for siplizumab in patients with type 1 diabetes that induces changes in T cell phenotypes observed with alefacept therapy in new-onset T1DM.

The secondary objectives are to:

  1. Assess the safety profile of siplizumab in recently diagnosed T1DM.

  2. Assess the effects of siplizumab on residual beta cell function in recently diagnosed T1DM participants.


Full study title Division of Allergy, Immunology, and Transplantation, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (DAIT/NIAID) / "A T cell Phenotype Signature Driven Dose Finding Study with Siplizumab in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus"
Protocol number OCR43526 ID NCT05574335
Phase Phase 1/Phase 2


Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Ability to provide informed consent (parental permission and informed assent of minor, if applicable).

  2. Male or female between 8 to 45 years of age.

  3. Diagnosis of T1DM within 18 months (550 days) of enrollment (V0. .

  4. Positive for at least one diabetes-related autoantibody, including:

    1. Glutamate decarboxylase (GAD-65. ,

    2. Insulin, if obtained within 10 days of the onset of exogenous insulin therapy,

    3. Insulinoma antigen-2 (IA-2. , or

    4. Zinc transporter-8 (ZnT8. .

  5. Peak stimulated C-peptide level > 0. 15 pmol/mL following a MMTT conducted ≥ 21 days from diagnosis and within 37 days of enrollment (V0).

  6. Completion of a primary SARS-CoV-2 vaccination series, including any additional vaccine dose(s) for which the participant qualifies, according to current CDC recommendations and FDA approval(s) or emergency use authorization(s). If the participant requires administration of vaccine(s) to meet eligibility requirements, they must complete the vaccination series at least 2 weeks prior to enrollment (V0).

Exclusion Criteria:

    1. Use of investigational drugs within 24 weeks of participation with the exception of any vaccine for the prevention of SARS-CoV-2 infection and emergency use authorization medications for treating SARS-CoV-2.
  1. Severe reaction or anaphylaxis to humanized monoclonal antibodies.

  2. History of significant allergy (e.g., anaphylaxis) to milk or soy proteins.

  3. History of recent (within 180 days of V0. or ongoing uncontrolled bacterial, viral, fungal or other opportunistic infections, including:

    1. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV),

    2. Current or prior infection with hepatitis B (HBV), as indicated by positive HBsAg or positive HBcAb,

    3. Current or prior hepatitis C (HCV), unless treated with anti-viral therapy with achievement of a sustained virologic response (undetectable viral load 12 weeks after cessation of therapy),

    4. Positive QuantiFERON-TB Gold or QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus tests. PPD or T-SPOT®.TB may be substituted for the QuantiFERON-TB Gold or QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus tests,

    5. Active infection with EBV as detected by PCR or serology at the screening visit (V-1),

    6. Active infection with cytomegalovirus (CMV) as detected by PCR or serology at the screening visit (V-1),

  4. Positive molecular testing of SARS-CoV-2 within 30 days of V-1.

  5. Any of the following laboratory abnormalities within 37 days of enrollment (V0. ,

Confirmed by repeat tests at least 1 week apart:

  1. White blood count (WBC) < 3 x 103/μL;,

  2. CD4+ count below the lower limit of normal,

  3. Platelet count < 150,000 /μL,

  4. Hemoglobin < 10 g/dL,

  5. ALT ≥ 2x upper limit of normal (ULN) or

  6. AST ≥ 2x ULN

  7. Serum creatinine >1. 5x ULN in adults or >ULN in pediatrics..

  8. Prior or current treatment that is known to alter the natural history of T1DM or immunologic status, including high dose inhaled, extensive topical or systemic glucocorticoids.

  9. Current or prior (within last 14 days of the V-1 MMTT) use of any medication known to influence glucose tolerance (e.g., atypical antipsychotics, diphenylhydantoin, thiazide, or other potassium-depleting diuretics, β-adrenergic blockers, niacin).

  10. Current or prior (within the last 30 days of the V-1 MMTT) use of metformin, sulfonylureas, glinides, thiazolidinediones, exenatide, liraglutide, DPP-IV inhibitors or amylin.

  11. Previous or current diagnosis of malignancy.

  12. History of bone marrow transplantation, or autoimmune disease associated with


  1. History or diagnoses of other autoimmune diseases with the exception of stable thyroid

or celiac disease.

  1. History of significant cardiovascular disease.

  2. Vaccination with a live attenuated vaccine (e.g., varicella, measles, mumps, rubella,

cold-attenuated intranasal influenza vaccine, bacillus Calmette* Guérin, and smallpox)

within 30 days of V0.

  1. Women of child-bearing potential who are unwilling to use a medically acceptable form

of contraception from 14 days prior to V0 until study Week 52.

  1. Women who are pregnant, lactating, or planning on pregnancy during the study.

  2. Current, diagnosed mental illness (e.g., severe depression), current diagnosed or

self-reported drug, or alcohol abuse that, in the opinion of the investigator, would

interfere with the participant's ability to comply with study requirements.

  1. Past or current medical problems or findings from physical examination or laboratory

testing that are not listed above, which, in the opinion of the investigator, may pose

additional risks from participation in the study, may interfere with the participant's

ability to comply with study requirements or that may impact the quality or

interpretation of the data obtained from the study.

Lead researcher

Participate in a study

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  1. Step

    Contact the research team

    Call or email the research team listed within the specific clinical trial or study to let them know that you're interested. A member of the research team, such as the researcher or study coordinator, will be available to tell you more about the study and to answer any questions or concerns you may have.

    Primary contact

    Desmond Schatz
  2. Step

    Get screened to confirm eligibility

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  3. Step

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  4. Step


    If you decide to participate in a clinical trial or study, the research team will keep you informed of the study requirements and what you will need to do to throughout the study. For some trials or studies, your health care provider may work with the research team to ensure there are no conflicts with other medications or treatments.