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  • Status
    Accepting Candidates
  • Age
    23 Weeks - 42 Weeks
  • Sexes
  • Healthy Volunteers
    Accepts Healthy Volunteers


Sepsis has its greatest impact in the prematurely born (preterm) population. Neonatal sepsis (sepsis within the first month of life) causes over one million deaths worldwide annually, and is one of the most common, difficult and costly problems to diagnose, treat and prevent. The preterm infant can suffer rates of sepsis up to 1000-fold higher than the full-term infant, and bears the brunt of the associated mortality and lifelong sepsis-survivor morbidity.

The project is enabled by several novel, validated, microfluidic technologies that are robust and easy to use with little training. These technologies provide comprehensive measures of the functionality of blood PMN population; a critical cellular component of innate immunity. The study team will also extract high-quality nucleic acids from microfluidic-sorted PMNs for transcriptomic analyses. Collectively, these techniques require a total of 250 microliters (µL) of blood, which makes them particularly useful for preterm infants where sample volume is limited, and facilitates serial assessments with unprecedented temporal resolution of key functions of PMNs.

These studies, integrated with bioinformatics approaches, will generate new tools for diagnosing sepsis in the newborn and predicting clinical outcomes. Such approaches have the capability to dramatically change the clinical management of the preterm infant, and potentially improve long-term outcomes while reducing hospital costs.


Blood samples will be collected from two populations: preterm infants and term infants.

  1. Preterm neonates (36 weeks) the study team will be collect a single 250 µl blood sample with the routine screen for metabolic disorders when they are >24 hours old. This will be the only study related blood collection for term neonates.

For all infants, term and preterm, the following data will be collected while the neonate is

Hospitalized: Demographic information (age, date of birth), past and present medical records, laboratory, microbiology, and all other test results, X-ray, CT, MRI, US and all other imaging test results, records about any medication received during admission, records of physical exam during admission, records of all vital signs and hemodynamic monitoring during admission, records of any procedure or intervention during admission, and condition at the discharge and discharge location.


Full study title Microfluidic Assessment of Clinical Outcomes in Preterm Newborns
Protocol number OCR26202 ID NCT03291496


Inclusion Criteria:

  • For preterm neonates 36 weeks gestation at birth with no known or suspected congenital anomalies.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Congenital defects, suspected genetic disorders, 32-36 weeks completed gestation, or lack of consent.

Healthy Adult:

  • Inclusion criteria Between the ages of 18 and 65 years of age

  • Exclusion Criteria Taking any immune modifying medications or have an active immune modifying disease process

Lead researcher

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  1. Step

    Contact the research team

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    Primary contact

  2. Step

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  3. Step

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  4. Step


    If you decide to participate in a clinical trial or study, the research team will keep you informed of the study requirements and what you will need to do to throughout the study. For some trials or studies, your health care provider may work with the research team to ensure there are no conflicts with other medications or treatments.