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PICC Line - Children

A PICC line (Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter) is a special IV that helps give your body medicine.

IV stands for intravenous, which means “within a vein.” It is a tiny tube that is placed in your vein and is a way for you to get medications or fluids.

PICC lines last longer than IVs and are usually placed in your arm above the elbow. You will be able to move your arm and play, plus you won’t have any more pokes from getting new IVs.

Sometimes kids even get to go home with their PICC lines.

 How do I get my PICC line?

When your doctor says you need a PICC line, a special PICC line nurse will come and meet you in your room. 

The first thing they will do is look at your arm to find just the perfect spot for your new PICC line.

 Child getting a PICC line ultrasound
They will put a tourniquet on your arm, which helps the nurse see your veins. A tourniquet feels like a tight squeeze or hug on your arm.
 
The nurse will then put a cold gel on your arm and use an Ultrasound machine to see the veins inside your arm. The part that touches your arm has a rounded end and does not hurt.
Ultrasound for a PICC line
 
You can see a picture of your veins on the screen of the Ultrasound machine if you want. After they find just the right spot, the nurse will mark the spot on your arm with a marker.
Child getting an arm ultrasound for a PICC line
 
Then they will measure your arm and chest so your PICC line is the perfect size just for you.
Child being measured for a PICC line.
 

How is my PICC line placed?

When its time to have your PICC line placed, your nurse will either take you to a treatment room, or if you don't have a roommate, you can stay in your room. If you would like, a parent or a Child Life specialist can go with you.

PICC nurse dressed in scrubs 
Getting a PICC line is a sterile procedure. This means everything has to be really clean. Everyone in the room, except you, will be wearing a mask, and your nurse will be wearing a gown and gloves. Your job is to hold really still and keep your arm straight.
 
PICC nurse and assistant during a procedure
 
Next, they will clean your arm with alcohol. It may feel a little cold, but it won't hurt. 

Then, they will put the tourniquet back on your arm. Remember, this is just a tight squeeze on your arm.

 
Child getting a PICC line
 
 
Then, the nurse will put more gel on your arm, so they can look at your veins with the Ultrasound machine while placing your PICC line. The gel maybe a little cold, but it won’t hurt.
 
Next, your nurse will give a special numbing medication called Lidocaine. This medicine is a quick stick that may sting for about five seconds, but it will help you not feel the poke when your PICC is placed. Sometimes kids say that counting to six or seven makes the sting go away faster.
 
Child receiving a PICC line
 
Now it is time for you to have your PICC line placed. Similar to an IV placement, once it is placed in your vein the needle comes out, and only the small tube stays in your arm.
Image of a PICC line
 
After you have your PICC line, the nurse will clean your arm with alcohol, which may be a little cold. Then they will put tape on your arm, this is called a dressing, to make sure your new PICC line stays clean.
 

What can I expect after I get my PICC line?

After getting a PICC line, kids sometimes say their arm is sore for a while, but you will be able to move your arm and play.

 
A person from the x-ray department will come and see you. An x-ray is a special camera that takes pictures of the inside of your body. This is just to make extra sure that your PICC line is in the right spot. The camera won't touch you, and it won't hurt. But, it may make a funny noise when it takes your picture.
 
Make sure that you don't get your PICC line dressing wet. If you want to take a shower or a bath, your nurse will wrap plastic around your arm to make sure it stays dry.
 
If the dressing looks like it is coming loose, call your nurse right away, and they can put a new dressing on it for you.