- Pudendal Nerve Testing measures the delay between an electrical impulse and the muscle and the contraction,allowing the provider to assess if there is a nerve deficit. This is an important measurement since these nerves extend to the pelvic floor muscles and the anal sphincter muscles.
- Anorectal Manometry measures the resting and squeeze pressures in the anal canal in regards to fecal incontinence and constipation determining the sensitivity and function of the rectum.
- Anal Ultrasound evaluates the structure of the sphincter and surrounding tissue. This is useful to produce images of the internal and external anatomy of the anal sphincter.
- Defecography evaluates how well stool is evacuated from the rectum.
- Proctoscopy another technique used to produce a useful picture of the rectum.
- Flexible Sigmoidoscopy a useful test to view the rectum and lower colon for polyps, tumors and other abnormalities.
- Urodynamics are bladder studies that measure bladder pressures during bladder filling and emptying to aid in determining the cause of urinary symptoms.
- Cystoscopy is a test which allows the inside of the bladder and urethra to be visualized.